Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Introduction:
Background:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
Since independence from Portugal in 1974, Guinea-Bissau has experienced considerable political and military upheaval. In 1980, a military coup established authoritarian dictator Joao Bernardo 'Nino' VIEIRA as president. Despite setting a path to a market economy and multiparty system, VIEIRA's regime was characterized by the suppression of political opposition and the purging of political rivals. Several coup attempts through the 1980s and early 1990s failed to unseat him. In 1994 VIEIRA was elected president in the country's first free elections. A military mutiny and resulting civil war in 1998 eventually led to VIEIRA's ouster in May 1999. In February 2000, a transitional government turned over power to opposition leader Kumba YALA after he was elected president in transparent polling. In September 2003, after only three years in office, YALA was overthrown in a bloodless military coup, and businessman Henrique ROSA was sworn in as interim president. In 2005, former President VIEIRA was re-elected president pledging to pursue economic development and national reconciliation; he was assassinated in March 2009. Malam Bacai SANHA was elected in an emergency election held in June 2009, but he passed away in January 2012 from an existing illness. A military coup in April 2012 prevented Guinea-Bissau's second-round presidential election - to determine SANHA's successor - from taking place.
Geography:
Location:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal
Geographic coordinates:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
12 00 N, 15 00 W
Map references:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
Africa
Area:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 36,125 sq km
country comparison to the world: 138
land: 28,120 sq km
water: 8,005 sq km
Area - comparative:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut
Land boundaries:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 724 km
border countries: Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km
Coastline:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
350 km
Maritime claims:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Terrain:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
mostly low-lying coastal plain with a deeply indented estuarine coastline rising to savanna in east; numerous off-shore islands including the Arquipelago Dos Bijagos consisting of 18 main islands and many small islets
Elevation extremes:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation in the eastern part of the country 300 m
Natural resources:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum
Land use:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
arable land: 8.3%
permanent crops: 6.92%
other: 84.78% (2011)
Irrigated land:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
225.6 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
31 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 0.18 cu km/yr (18%/6%/76%)
per capita: 135.7 cu m/yr (2005)
Natural hazards:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires
Environment - current issues:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing
Environment - international agreements:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
this small country is swampy along its western coast and low-lying inland
People and Society:
Nationality:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
noun: Bissau-Guinean(s)
adjective: Bissau-Guinean
Ethnic groups:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
African 99% (includes Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
Languages:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages
Religions:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 10%
Population:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
1,660,870 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
Age structure:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0-14 years: 40% (male 331,406/female 332,662)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 166,339/female 168,906)
25-54 years: 31.9% (male 263,190/female 266,963)
55-64 years: 4.7% (male 28,333/female 49,322)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 20,807/female 32,942) (2013 est.)
population pyramid: "> Dependency ratios:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total dependency ratio: 79.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 74.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 %
potential support ratio: 19.3 (2013)
Median age:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 19.7 years
male: 19.1 years
female: 20.2 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
1.95% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 57
Birth rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
34.28 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
Death rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
14.77 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
Net migration rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
Urbanization:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
urban population: 43.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.59% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
BISSAU (capital) 302,000 (2009)
Sex ratio:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.58 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
790 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 7
Infant mortality rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 92.66 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 5
male: 102.42 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 82.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total population: 49.5 years
country comparison to the world: 221
male: 47.53 years
female: 51.52 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
4.37 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
Contraceptive prevalence rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
14% (2010)
Health expenditures:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
6.3% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 99
Physicians density:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0.07 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
1 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Drinking water source:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
improved:
unimproved:
Sanitation facility access:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
improved:
unimproved:
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
2.5% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
22,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
1,200 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
Major infectious diseases:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
4.9% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 159
Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
17.2% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 43
Education expenditures:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
NA
Literacy:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 55.3%
male: 68.9%
female: 42.1% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 9.5 years (2006)
Child labor - children ages 5-14:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total number: 226,316
percentage: 57 % (2010 est.)
Government:
Country name:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
conventional long form: Republic of Guinea-Bissau
conventional short form: Guinea-Bissau
local long form: Republica da Guine-Bissau
local short form: Guine-Bissau
former: Portuguese Guinea
Government type:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
republic
Capital:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
name: Bissau
geographic coordinates: 11 51 N, 15 35 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
9 regions (regioes, singular - regiao); Bafata, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, Tombali; note - Bolama may have been renamed Bolama-Bijagos
Independence:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
24 September 1973 (declared); 10 September 1974 (from Portugal)
National holiday:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
Independence Day, 24 September (1973)
Constitution:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
promulgated 16 May 1984; amended several times, last in 1996; note - constitution suspended following military coup in April 2012 (2013)
Legal system:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
mixed legal system of civil law (influenced by the early French Civil Code) and customary law
International law organization participation:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; non-party state to the ICCt
Suffrage:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
chief of state: [Transitional] President Manuel Serifo NHAMADJO (since 11 May 2012)
note: in the aftermath of the April 2012 coup that deposed the government, an agreement was reached between ECOWAS mediators and the military junta to name NHAMADJO as transitional president with a one-year term; the transitional government has postponed a presidential election for 24 November 2013
head of government: [Transitional] Prime Minister Rui Duarte BARROS (since 16 May 2012)
cabinet: NA
(For more information visit the World Leaders website )
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held on 18 March 2012 with a runoff between the two leading candidates scheduled for 22 April 2012; prime minister appointed by the president after consultation with party leaders in the legislature
election results: with no candidate receiving a minimum 50% of the vote in the first round, a runoff between the two leading candidates was scheduled for 22 April 2012; percent of vote (first round) - Carlos GOMES Junior 49.0%, Kumba YALA 23.4%, others 27.6%
Legislative branch:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
unicameral National People's Assembly or Assembleia Nacional Popular (100 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 16 November 2008 (legislative elections scheduled for 24 November 2013 have been rescheduled for 16 March 2014)
election results: percent of vote by party - PAIGC 49.8%, PRS 25.3%, PRID 7.5%, PND 2.4%, AD 1.4%, other parties 13.6%; seats by party - PAIGC 67, PRS 28, PRID 3, PND 1, AD 1
Judicial branch:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (consists of 9 judges and organized into Civil, Criminal, and Social and Administrative Disputes Chambers)
judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the Higher Council of the Magistrate, a major government organ responsible for judge appointments, dismissals, and discipline of the judiciary; judges appointed by the president with tenure for life
subordinate courts: Appeal Court; regional (first instance) courts; military court
Political parties and leaders:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cabo Verde or PAIGC [Rui Dia de SOUSA]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
NA
International organization participation:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, AU (suspended), CPLP, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
chief of mission: none; note - Guinea-Bissau does not have official representation in Washington, DC
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
the US Embassy suspended operations on 14 June 1998 in the midst of violent conflict between forces loyal to then President VIEIRA and military-led junta; the US Ambassador to Senegal, currently Ambassador Lewis LUKENS, is accredited to Guinea-Bissau
Flag description:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; yellow symbolizes the sun; green denotes hope; red represents blood shed during the struggle for independence; the black star stands for African unity
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; the flag design was heavily influenced by the Ghanaian flag
National anthem:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
name: "Esta e a Nossa Patria Bem Amada" (This Is Our Beloved Country)
lyrics/music: Amilcar Lopes CABRAL/XIAO He
note: adopted 1974; a delegation from Portuguese Guinea visited China in 1963 and heard music by XIAO He; Amilcar Lopes CABRA, the leader of Guinea-Bissau's independence movement, asked the composer to create a piece that would inspire his people to struggle for independence
Economy:
Economy - overview:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
One of the poorest countries in the world, Guinea-Bissau's legal economy depends mainly on farming and fishing, but trafficking in narcotics is probably the most lucrative trade. The combination of limited economic prospects, a weak and faction-ridden government, and favorable geography have made this West African country a way station for drugs bound for Europe. Cashew crops have increased remarkably in recent years; low rainfall hindered cereals and other crops in 2011. Guinea-Bissau exports fish and seafood along with small amounts of peanuts, palm kernels, and timber. Rice is the major crop and staple food. However, intermittent fighting between Senegalese-backed government troops and a military junta destroyed much of the country's infrastructure and caused widespread damage to the economy in 1998; the civil war led to a 28% drop in GDP that year, with partial recovery in 1999-2002. In December 2003, the World Bank, IMF, and UNDP were forced to step in to provide emergency budgetary support in the amount of $107 million for 2004, representing over 80% of the total national budget. The government is successfully implementing a three-year $33 million extended credit arrangement with the IMF that runs through 2012. In December 2010 the World Bank and IMF announced support for $1.2 billion worth of debt relief. Guinea-Bissau made progress with debt relief in 2011 when members of the Paris Club opted to write-off much of the country's obligations.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$1.911 billion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate):
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$811.9 million (2012 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
-1.5% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$1,200 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 211
note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP - composition, by end use:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
household consumption: 74.6%
government consumption: 11.6%
investment in fixed capital: 11.6%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 21.5%
imports of goods and services: -19.3%
GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
agriculture: 57.6%
industry: 13.6%
services: 28.7% (2012 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
rice, corn, beans, cassava (manioc), cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, cotton; timber; fish
Industries:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks
Industrial production growth rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
-0.3% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
Labor force:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
632,700 (2007)
country comparison to the world: 154
Labor force - by occupation:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
agriculture: 82%
industry and services: 18% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
NA%
Population below poverty line:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 28% (2002)
Budget:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
revenues: $129.1 million
expenditures: $153.4 million (2012 est.)
Taxes and other revenues:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
15.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
-3% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121
Fiscal year:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
2.1% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
Central bank discount rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
4.25% (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 79
Commercial bank prime lending rate:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
15% (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
Stock of narrow money:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$264.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
Stock of broad money:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$414.3 million (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 180
Stock of domestic credit:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$171.8 million (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
Market value of publicly traded shares:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$NA
Current account balance:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$-47.4 million (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 66
Exports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$127.9 million (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
Exports - commodities:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
fish, shrimp; cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn lumber
Exports - partners:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
India 56.5%, Nigeria 27.1%, Togo 5.9% (2012)
Imports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$189.8 million (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 205
Imports - commodities:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products
Imports - partners:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
Portugal 28.8%, Senegal 17.5%, US 7.3%, China 5% (2012)
Debt - external:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
$1.095 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159
Exchange rates:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar -
Energy:
Electricity - production:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
67 million kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
Electricity - consumption:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
62.31 million kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
Electricity - exports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
Electricity - imports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 122
Electricity - installed generating capacity:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
26,000 kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 200
Electricity - from fossil fuels:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
100% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190
Electricity - from other renewable sources:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
Crude oil - production:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204
Crude oil - exports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
Crude oil - imports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
Crude oil - proved reserves:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 bbl (1 January 2013 es)
country comparison to the world: 176
Refined petroleum products - production:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121
Refined petroleum products - consumption:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
2,922 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 181
Refined petroleum products - exports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 207
Refined petroleum products - imports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
2,661 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
Natural gas - production:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
Natural gas - consumption:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
Natural gas - exports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
Natural gas - imports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
Natural gas - proved reserves:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
0 cu m (1 January 2013 es)
country comparison to the world: 185
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
459,800 Mt (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 180
Communications:
Telephones - main lines in use:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
5,000 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 210
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
1.1 million (2012)
country comparison to the world: 156
Telephone system:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
general assessment: small system including a combination of microwave radio relay, open-wire lines, radiotelephone, and mobile-cellular communications
domestic: fixed-line teledensity less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 50 per 100 persons
international: country code - 245 (2011)
Broadcast media:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
1 state-owned TV station and a second station, Radio e Televisao de Portugal (RTP) Africa, is operated by Portuguese public broadcaster (RTP); 1 state-owned radio station, several private radio stations, and some community radio stations; multiple international broadcasters are available (2007)
Internet country code:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
.gw
Internet hosts:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
90 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 211
Internet users:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
37,100 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 177
Transportation:
Airports:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
8 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 161
Airports - with paved runways:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m:
Roadways:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
total: 3,455 km
country comparison to the world: 161
paved: 965 km
unpaved: 2,490 km (2002)
Waterways:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
(rivers are navigable for some distance; many inlets and creeks give shallow-water access to much of interior) (2012)
Ports and terminals:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
major seaport(s): Bissau, Buba, Cacheu, Farim
Military:
Military branches:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
People's Revolutionary Armed Force (FARP): Army, Navy, National Air Force (Forca Aerea Nacional); Presidential Guard (2012)
Military service age and obligation:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
18-25 years of age for selective compulsory military service (Air Force service is voluntary); 16 years of age or younger, with parental consent, for voluntary service (2013)
Manpower available for military service:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
males age 16-49: 370,790
females age 16-49: 372,171 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
males age 16-49: 205,460
females age 16-49: 212,277 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
male: 17,639
female: 17,865 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
1.85% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 147
Transnational Issues:
Disputes - international:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
in 2006, political instability within Senegal's Casamance region resulted in thousands of Senegalese refugees, cross-border raids, and arms smuggling into Guinea-Bissau
Refugees and internally displaced persons:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
refugees (country of origin): 7,700 (Senegal) (2012)
Trafficking in persons:
Field Background: For all countries in alphabetical order
current situation: Guinea-Bissau is a country of origin and destination for children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking; the scope of the problem of trafficking women or men for forced labor or forced prostitution is unknown; boys reportedly are transported to southern Senegal for forced manual and agricultural labor; girls may be subjected to forced domestic service and child prostitution in Senegal and Guinea; both boys and girls are forced to work as street vendors in cities in Guinea-Bissau and Senegal
tier rating: Tier 3 - the government of Guinea-Bissau does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; despite enacting an anti-trafficking law and finalizing and adopting a national action plan in 2011, authorities have not conducted any investigations or prosecutions of trafficking offenses; the government has not provided adequate protection to identified trafficking victims, conducted any tangible prevention activities in 2012, or made progress on the implementation of its national action plan (2013)